Common Names

Botanical Name
Commiphora myrrha

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What is it?

In herbal medicine we use the resin of Myrrh; a bushy tree growing in rocky terrain in old lands such as Somalia and by the Red Sea. Myrrh resin is formed when a wound is made through the tree bark and into the sapwood. Over time the tree oozes out a sticky, golden yellow resin which is the part that we use in medicine.




How has it been used?

A measure of how prized Myrrh was in ancient times is how it was one of the three gifts to Jesus on his birth (Gold, Frankincense and Myrrh). There are numerous other Biblical references to Myrrh including the Song of Solomon in which 'a bundle of Myrrh is my well-beloved unto me he shall lie all night betwixt my breasts'.

Ancient Greek and Roman physicians used Myrrh to treat wounds and prescribed in internally as a digestive aid and menstruation promoter. Myrrh has been extensively used in Chinese medicine as a blood moving herb with particular benefits to people with arthritis and rheumatism. In Ayurvedic medicine Myrrh is also considered one of the best agents for helping rheumatism and is also seen as having benefits to the circulatory system. In Ayurveda they see Myrrh as a tonic and aphrodisiac and it has a reputation to improving intellect.

Myrrh has been used for thousands of years as an ingredient in incense and perfumes and the resin was used for embalming. Chinese researchers have identified substances in Myrrh that fight bacteria and Indian scientists have discovered that the herb has anti-inflammatory actions.

John Heinermann, in his book the Science of Herbal Medicine says:
“From the days of Moses to the 20th century, Myrrh has proven over and again to be one of the finest antibacterial and antimicrobial agents on earth”

H Felter writes 'Myrrh is the best local application for spongy and bleeding gums. The tincture may be diluted with about 6 to 10 parts of water. It may also be used with benefit when the throat is sore and exhibits sloughing ulcers, and in chronic pharyngitis with tumid (swollen), pallid membranes and elongated uvula. In spongy, enlarged tonsils it is an ideal topical medicine'. He also says that, internally, 'it is of much value in chronic bronchitis with relaxation of tissues, profuse, unhealthy and exhausting secretion and difficulty in raising the sputa'

F Ellingwood writes 'in its influence upon the digestive apparatus Myrrh is direct in its action. It quickly increases the power of the digestive function, stimulating the peptic glands to extreme action. It increases the appetite and promotes the absorption and assimilation of nutrition. It is given in atonic dyspepsia in the absence of inflammatory action, especially if there is excessive mucous discharge from the bowels'

King's Dispensatory writes 'Myrrh is of value in chronic gastritis and atonic dyspepsia with full, pallid tongue and mucous tissues, and with frequent, mucous alvine discharges accompanied with flatulence. Here myrrh and gentian act well, the dose of the combination of equal parts of these tinctures is from 5 to 20 drops. Chronic mucous fluxes, from the bowels or urinary tract, are benefited by myrrh. Myrrh was formerly used as a dressing for indolent ulcers to promote granulation and alter the character of the discharges. It was at the same time given internally also. Topically, it is a very useful application to indolent sores, gangrenous ulcers, and aphthous or sloughy sore throat, spongy or ulcerated conditions of the gums, caries of the teeth, etc. In chronic pharyngitis, with tumid, pallid membranes, elongated uvula, and spongy, enlarged tonsils, it is an exceedingly useful topical agent'

The British Herbal Pharmacopoeia (BHP) describes the actions of Myrrh as 'antimicrobial, astringent, carminative, expectorant, anticatarrhal, antiseptic, vulnerary' It says it is indicated for 'apthous ulcers pharyngitis, respiratory catarrh, common cold and topically for wounds and abrasions. Specifically indicated for mouth ulcers, gingivitis and pharyngitis' The BHP recommends a dose of 1-2.5 mls of the tincture up to 3 x daily.

Ancient Egyptian relief of Myrrh trees


Science on Myrrh

~ From an article called 'Gift of the Magi' published 2001 in Science Daily from the American Chemical Society 'as part of a larger search for anticancer compounds from plants, the researchers obtained extracts from the Myrrh plant and tested it against a human breast tumour cell line (MCF-7) known to be resistant to anticancer drugs. Research date indicated that the extract killed off all of the cancer cells in laboratory dishes'.

~ Further research into the ability of Myrrh to affect cancer have taken place in studies where Myrrh has been shown to inhibit tumour growth and to have significant inhibiting effects on certain types of cancer (al_Harbi MM et al: Chemotherapy 40(5):337-347, 1994)

~ The ability of Myrrh to reduce pain has been explored by researchers at the University of Florence who have shown that ingredients within Myrrh affect opioid receptors in the brain that reduce pain perception.

~ The authors, titles and the 'where-and-when' published of a handful of further studies and articles on Myrrh are listed in a PDF found here

Safety of Myrrh

Myrrh is generally regarded as very safe to use by both the young and old and during breast-feeding. Small doses, such as used in the throat formula as shown below, are sure to be safe in pregnancy but large amounts should be avoided (i.e. more than 5 mls of Myrrh tincture in a day). A small percentage of people get a contact allergy from Myrrh (mostly from its essential oils) so if using externally and a red rash forms soon after using it then it should be discontinued and an alternative treatment sought.

Myrrh is a potent, strong tasting and fast-acting herb, especially in tincture form which is how we usually use it. I think it should not be taken straight but rather well diluted in water or mixed in with a herb like Licorice root to soften its entry into the body!

General comment on herbal safety

All medicinal herbs that have the power to do good have the potential to do harm. The old maxim 'the poison is in the dose' precisely describes how too much of anything can be bad for us. The ancient rule to 'firstly, do no harm is, to this day, held as the core directive by all practitioners of traditional herbal medicine. Not only are we careful to do our best to use the right herbs, but equally we take care to not give too much of them or use them overlong.

For some years now, against this proven and safe way of herbalism, there has been a rising tide of excessive caution and scare-mongering in many parts of the world. The same authorities that, not so long ago, decried herbal medicines as ineffectual, have now taken up a different adversarial position; that they are dangerous substances that should only be prescribed by Doctors, who of course have zero training in them.

Lists of '10 popular herbs and why you should avoid them' include things like Garlic and Ginger that might 'thin your blood'. Such cautions are absurd to the point of the ridiculous, but fear is a universal driver that has long been proven to be effective at manipulating people.

Unfortunately, the same unnecessary fear and worry has crept into many natural health websites and popular publications on herbs. Herbs that we have safely used for thousands of years, that have no reports of adverse reactions in the medical literature despite widespread use by millions of people, are suddenly described as contraindicated because of something that should have been seen as completely unimportant, or at the utmost a merely theoretical concern, such as a laboratory study on one of the herb's constituents to use an all too common example.

I wonder sometimes if the writers of such articles feel that the herb will be more deserving of respect if it is thought to be a little bit dangerous, in other words more like a drug than something that has simply come out of the earth and been used by ordinary people for generations beyond count.

There is just so much misinformation about herbal medicine on the internet now. Ludicrous claims and cautions abound in equal measure; it seems like one group are trying to make money out of the public whilst the other are busily trying to scare them off.

I have to believe that the kind of reader who takes the time to read pages on herbs that are as extensive as this one is much less likely to be swayed by marketers or misinformers. I hope that you will keep your wits about you if you get conflicting opinions from people who have never really got to know these herbs, who have never worked with them, or learned how to use them safely and effectively.

I want to remind you that the reason that herbs can never be patented and owned by any individual or corporation is because they are, and always will be, the People's medicine. They belong to all of us and it is my great hope in sharing this work that you will learn how to use them wisely for yourself, and the people you care for. Be safe, but do not be afraid.


Personal experiences

The taste and smell of Myrrh is evocative and its flavour is extremely aromatic and distinctive. If you who are reading this are studying herbal medicine then you should definitely take a little Myrrh and swill it around your mouth - I think the personal experience of it will give you a deeper appreciation of how this herb eats bacteria for breakfast than any amount of academic papers on the subject.

Further to this, if you would like to learn more about the ancient art of pulse testing, a simple but powerful way to ask the intuitive intelligence of the body for its responses to a herb by feeling the pulse whilst giving a tiny dose by mouth, read here

Myrrh is intensely antimicrobial and I have seen it deal to stubborn infections that no other drugs were able to reach on numerous occasions. Powdered Myrrh could be dissolved into water but I think it is a herb that is best used in tincture form. We, and others, extract it in 90% ethanol and just a ml or two seems ample to achieve its internal benefits in the mouth, throat, gut and immune system.

Myrrh combines powerfully with Gentian for when there is an infection in the digestive tract that is proving difficult to shift. It also works remarkably well with Echinacea and Golden Seal to make a powerful herbal antibiotic for throat infections or for wounds that need cleansing or healing.

Sore throat formula

To rapidly resolve a throat infection and stop it going any further into the chest, the following formula has been seen to be effective for a great many people.

Echinacea root 25mls
Golden Seal* 10mls
Licorice root 10mls
Myrrh resin 5mls  

To make 50mls, double this amount to 100mls if you will need it more frequently

*Only use cultivated (not wild-crafted) Golden Seal or alternatively use Sage, Kava or Calendula.

Dose: between 1-4 mls, as often as required, usually slightly diluted.


The right way to take this formula is very important. To rapidly cure your infection you have to get the herbs to coat the back of the throat as much as possible and this requires some technique and training!

If it is for a young child, the best approach may be to simply put the mixture in a dilute form into a spray bottle of some kind. Tell them to 'open wide' and give a few quick sprays to the back of their throats. It will be weird at first, but once they feel the mixture giving them some, more or less, instant relief, they should be easy to encourage to take it more, or even do it themselves. How much you dilute the mixture is important, too much and it will be weaker than ideal, too little and it may be too strong for them to tolerate. I suggest starting with about half and half formula to water, and then go from there.

For an older child or an adult, the best way to get the most effective treatment is with gargling. You must start with the right amount of liquid to do a successful gargle and you will need to do some experimentation to see exactly what works best for you. Too much liquid is just as unhelpful as too little. Some people will find that they do best with no further dilution at all, others will need as much water as herbs, i.e. about 4 mls water added to the 4 mls of formula. Many people find that about 2 or 3 mls is about right for them, try and see for yourself.

If you want the best results, commit to a long and fully engaged gargle! Tilt your head back and let the herbs (and water) swish around the back of your throat by making that classic gargle sound. Ideally you want the medicine to be in contact with your throat for a good 20 seconds, which is a lot longer than it sounds.

Most people will find it hard to gargle for that long without a pause so you may need to drop your head forward for a moment, try not to swallow yet if you have to take a pause before you have done your 20 seconds or so. As soon as you ready, tilt your head back again and continue on.

You must make some noise to do a good gargle and you are best to move the 'pitch' of your voice up and down to get the medicine touching all the parts of the back of your throat that it needs to get to. Yes, this will sound weird, but it beats the torture of a sore throat and you must not stop, even if you have an audience and they don't appreciate your efforts as much as they should.

If possible, you should swallow the herbs after you have gargled them. The reason for this is, as well as the antimicrobial action that you get from putting these herbs in direct contact with your throat, you will also get significant benefits to your immune system from taking them internally.

If you have a lot of debris, mucus etc. from the infection then you may simply have to spit everything out when you've done the gargle. that's ok but In this case, take another dose of formula as soon as you can and try to swallow this next one after getting it into contact with the affected areas.


This treatment can be repeated very frequently when needed. Listen to your body and to your symptoms. The medicine should make your throat feel at least somewhat better right away, don't hesitate to repeat the dose if it starts feeling worse again.

How long does it take to work?

Most people feel at least some benefit from the very first dose and, started early enough, you should be able to nip most infections in the bud before they get a chance to get established. However, if you have been sick for a while then you may need to frequently repeat the treatment to get well.

Ideally, the sooner you start treatment the better. People who tend towards recurrent infections involving their throats should have this formula ready and waiting to use as soon as they need it.

Is it safe for children?

This formula is entirely safe for children to use. I would give a child below 5 about 1 or 2 mls per dose, 3 mls up to ages 8 or 9 and then adult doses from 10 years old. If they are too young to gargle, just spray it in there!


Wound Healing formula

Myrrh can be extraordinarily helpful for wounds that are not healing due to infection or when a natural antibiotic wash is needed to prevent infection and speed the natural healing process. Again it combines exceptionally well with Echinacea and Golden Seal for this purpose.

Myrrh 20mls                                   
Echinacea 20mls                        
Golden Seal

~ Method of application

Use a cotton-tip or any piece of cloth or gauze to paint a small amount of the wash on to the infected area. Golden Seal is also very potent but it will stain skin yellow so you might prefer to leave it out if the area to be treated would be embarrassingly visible.

Use carefully as these are strong substances and over-use will cause damage to delicate tissues; you would get plenty of warning signs that you were over-doing it by increasing redness in the non-affected areas that are getting some of the wash on them. Generally, between 2-3 times a day will be enough for most sores or wounds. The treatment should be rapidly effective.


Constitutional note

Much of the information here about the traditional uses of Myrrh is consistent with the model of thinking whereby one may treat problem A with plant B. There is value in this approach, especially in how it helps us pass on useful knowledge to one another, but it falls short in one vital area; and that is that people are not all cut from the same cloth! Something that works brilliantly for one person may do less for another -- why is this?

Part of the reason is that people vary in their constitutions as to whether they are either hotter or cooler and, at the same time, either dryer or damper. This useful and rather fascinating subject is introduced further here

Another big part of using the right herb when it is most needed comes from understanding the need to treat what is going wrong for the person that had led up to their getting a health condition. In this light, Myrrh can particularly offer its benefits when an activation is needed in the 'cycle of healing', more about this here

Please understand that I cannot advise you, including on products or dosage, without seeing you in person in my clinic but for ideas on how you might find a good herbalist in your area read here

This living 'book' is my labour of love so, wherever you are, I wish you peace & good health!



© 2011 R.J.Whelan Ltd