Common Names

Shepherd's Purse, Casewort
Botanical Name
Capsella bursa-pastoris

Our Pages

- Herbal Medicine
- The Clinic
- Richard Whelan

- Alphabetically

- By Group
- Alphabetical

- Clinic Hours
Clinic Location

- Ancient wisdom in the modern world


What is it?

Shepherd’s Purse is thought to have originated from Southern Europe and now grows all over the world. It is a small plant with a circlet of leaves close to the ground above its long tapering root. The leaves send up a slender stem that can grow up to half a meter high which then produce the characteristically shaped fruits which give the plant its name.





How has it been used?

Shepherd’s Purse was widely used as a first aid treatment pre the industrial age. It grows close to wherever people live so it would have been near to hand when needed.

Shepherd’s Purse leaves, scrunched up into a wad, can be used to quickly help staunch bleeding. On unbroken skin but where there is a bad bruise or internal trauma Shepherd’s Purse was made into a poultice by mashing the leaves, mixing with some hot water, and then being applied over the affected area with a wrapping to keep it on for a few hours.

Internally Shepherd’s Purse has been highly regarded as a medicine to prevent the excess loss of fluids. This certainly applied to blood but it also applied to an excess loss of moisture through problems such as diarrhoea, blood in the urine, frequent and excessive nose bleeds or from prolonged and debilitating fevers.

In modern times Shepherd’s Purse is mostly used for women who are experiencing excessively heavy menstruation caused by problems such as fibroids or endometriosis.


Science on Shepherd's Purse

~ Whilst there are no clinical trials with Shepherd’s Purse (it is rather difficult to simulate injuries and excessive bleeding in an experimental model!) there have been some interesting glimpses into some of the ways in which it might work through laboratory studies which have indicated that Shepherd’s Purse possesses anti-inflammatory, diuretic and contractile effects on smooth muscle.

~ Injections of Shepherd’s Purse extract caused inhibition of solid tumour growth in an experimental model. A similar experiment showed that it reduced the likelihood of hepatoma (the most common form of liver cancer).

~ The authors, titles and the 'where-and-when' published of over 20 further studies and articles on Shepherd's Purse are listed in a PDF found here

Safety of Shepherd's Purse

Shepherd’s Purse is certainly a safe herb to use for all ages however there are some doubts about its safety to use in pregnancy and so it is best avoided at this time (Shepherd’s Purse is used to induce contractions at birth in traditional Bolivian medicine and it is thought to stimulate the uterus in Ayurvedic medicine). Likewise it is recommended to avoid Shepherd’s Purse during breastfeeding, not because of concerns re safety but because it is suspected that ingredients in the herb (glocosinolates) may taint the milk.


Personal experiences

Shepherd’s Purse is a great herb to get to know first-hand to understand how it works. If you who are reading this are studying herbal medicine or just have your own reasons to need to know this plant ally at a much deeper level then take some Shepherd’s purse with a quiet, receptive and attentive mind and feel for yourself how extraordinarily ‘binding’ an action it holds.

This is immediately obvious in the mouth when you taste it, but if you can get past that slight unpleasantness and you are open to it then I think you will be able to feel the same action, or energy, of Shepherd’s Purse moving throughout the body, almost as if it is searching out for where there is a weakness in the system.

Most of my clinical experience using Shepherd’s purse has been in the treatment of excess menstrual bleeding and in this regard I have found it to be such a potent remedy that I would start by saying it is unwise to use Shepherd’s purse at the very beginning of the period, even if very heavy, because it may be anticipated that it will considerably 'bind the bleeding' and of course there is a necessity for the body to fulfil its natural process. Rather I suggest waiting for 1-2 days before starting Shepherd’s Purse for excessively heavy periods.

Shepherd's Purse for excess menstrual bleeding

With the tincture

The method to get Shepherd’s purse to work for this is to take it in small and frequent doses, until the bleeding has slowed down or stopped.

Mainly depending on the strength of the tincture 20 drops or 1 ml of Shepherd’s purse each time is usually enough but this can be doubled to 40 drops or 2 mls if necessary. I often use the Shepherd's purse at the same time as Lady's Mantle and may also combine some Raspberry leaf at the same time. For a combination of Shepherd's purse with Lady's Mantle and/or Raspberry leaf I recommend between 2-4 mls depending on the size and sensitivity of the patient

With the tea

Make a strong tea by adding 2 large cups of freshly boiled water (approximately 1 litre) to 3-4 heaped tsps of Shepherd's Purse dried herb. Cover and allow the tea to steep for a good 20 minutes. Strain and allow to cool before drinking. The equivalent dose to 1 ml of the tincture will be between 50-100mls of the tea depending on the strength and freshness of the dried herb. It is very strong tasting but once it is seen to work the unpleasantness tends to fade into insignificance.

Dosage notes

It is not correct that 'more is better' with herbal medicine and in fact often it is the reverse that 'less is more!' You have to spend time with herbs to understand them; they are much more a living medicine than are drugs. The first step is to feel them working, the second step is to get a sense of how often you need to use them and in what dose.

As soon as the treatment is obviously working you can stop it but if necessary you can take a dose every 1-2 hours -- up to 6 doses in a day. If you don't feel anything happening by the 2nd or 3rd dose then try taking the herbs at the higher end of the suggested dose range. They may be hard to take but they will not cause toxicity.

Many women feel this treatment working almost straight away but because it is not exactly a pleasant process it is tempting to stop the treatment too soon. Listen to your body to know what to do and how long to keep it up for. Each extra time you take a dose you increase the strength of the effect.

Shepherd's Purse for nose bleeds

i have seen how Shepherd's Purse may help a nose bleed that has not responded to just about any other form of treatment. The best technique here is to use some Shepherd's Purse tea (2-3 tsps in a half a cup of boiling water covered and steeped for 10-15 minutes). Soak some cotton balls into the tea, squeeze out the excess liquid and insert into the nostrils to stop the blood vessels from continuing to haemorrhage.

Shepherd's Purse Tea for Post-Partum Bleeding

Many women experience problems with significant bleeding after child-birth. Shepherd's Purse can be exceptionally effective at helping to stop the excess bleeding and re-tone the uterus, but it is a strong treatment! The best way to use the Shepherd's Purse in this case is to make a tea by adding 1 litre of freshly boiled water to a good 4 tsps of the dried herb. Cover and allow to steep for half an hour. Strain and allow to cool completely. Drinking the entire tea over the period of a day in divided doses should have some immediate effects. The treatment can be repeated on the second day and likewise on the third. It is rare to still need it after 2 or 3 days.


Constitutional note

Much of the information here about the traditional uses of Shepherd's purse is consistent with the model of thinking whereby one may treat problem A with plant B. There is value in this approach, especially in how it helps us pass on useful knowledge to one another, but it falls short in one vital area; and that is that people are not all cut from the same cloth! Something that works brilliantly for one person may do less for another --why is this?

The reason is that people vary in their constitutions as to whether they are either hotter or cooler and, at the same time, either dryer or damper. This interesting and useful subject is introduced further here

There is an old wisdom in treating the person first and the condition second and in this light Shepherd's purse can particularly offer its benefits when a nourishing action is needed in the 'cycle of healing', more about this here

Excerpt from Felter & Lloyd's Kings Dispensatory from 1898

Shepherd's purse possesses stimulating, astringent, and diuretic properties. In urinary derangements of renal or cystic origin, and in hematuria, an infusion, and especially a tincture of the herb, will be found very efficient.

It is a remedy for chronic menorrhagia, with too frequent and too long continued or constant, but almost colourless, flow. Associated with this condition is a frequent urging to urinate, and a deposit of phosphates.

Atonic dyspepsia and chronic diarrhoea have been successfully treated with it. In bleeding piles, diarrhoea, and dysentery, it has been found beneficial.

The fresh herb, bruised and applied locally, has been effectual in ecchymosis, the result of blows, bruises, etc., and has been of service in rheumatic pains.


Please understand that I cannot advise you, including on products or dosage, without seeing you in person in my clinic but for ideas on how you might find a good herbalist in your area read here

This living 'book' is my labour of love so, wherever you are, I wish you peace & good health!



© 2011 R.J.Whelan Ltd